For some people, lifestyle changes, such as a heart-healthy diet, exercising more, and quitting smoking, are the only heart disease treatment that's required. When lifestyle changes alone are not sufficient, medication may necessary. Treatment for heart disease may also include procedures such as angioplasty or open heart surgery. Your exact treatment will depend on your overall health, the extent of your disease, and your risk of problems in the future.
Lower the risk for blood clots, which can cause a heart attack
Widen or bypass clogged arteries
Reduce cardiac events.
Lifestyle Changes as Part of Heart Disease Treatment
Everyone with coronary heart disease needs to make some lifestyle changes as part of treating heart disease. These changes are designed to reduce a person's risk factors for the condition. Some of these lifestyle changes can include:
Adopting new habits, such as not smoking, following a heart-healthy eating plan, maintaining a healthy weight, and becoming more physically active, can go a long way in helping to reduce your risk for worsened heart disease. You may need to manage certain risk factors vigorously. For example, having heart disease means that if you have high levels of a type of cholesterol called low density lipoprotein (LDL) -- the "bad cholesterol" -- your goal should be to bring the level to below 100 mg/dL. Review your risk factors for heart disease with your healthcare provider, and discuss how to reduce or eliminate each one. For some people, these changes may be the only heart disease treatment needed.
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