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Cardiovascular Disease in the Blood Vessels

Blood vessels are the structures within the body that move blood so that oxygen and nutrients can get to all of the tissues and so that waste products can be removed. The four types of blood vessels include arteries, veins, capillaries, and lymphatics. Arteries and capillaries carry oxygen- and nutrient-rich blood from the heart and lungs to all parts of the body. Veins carry blood that has been depleted of oxygen and nutrients back to the heart and lungs.
Some examples of cardiovascular disease types in the blood vessels include:


    • Essential hypertension
    • Secondary hypertension
    • Malignant hypertension



    • Atherosclerosis of the extremities (arteriosclerosis obliterans)
    • Arterial embolism
    • Acute arterial occlusion, which is when a blood vessel becomes blocked
    • Raynaud's phenomenon
    • Arteriovenous fistula
    • Vasculitis
    • Thoracic outlet syndrome


  • Other problems in veins, including:



  • Lymphedema.
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last updated/reviewed:
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