Coronary Artery Disease
Although coronary artery disease risk factors are not actual causes of heart disease, they do increase a person's chances for developing coronary artery disease. The more risk factors a person has, the greater their chances are for developing coronary artery disease. Risks for coronary artery disease can also increase the chances that an existing disease will get worse.
Below is a list of important coronary artery disease risk factors that can be changed or minimized:
- High blood pressure, known medically as hypertension (see Effects of High Blood Pressure)
- High blood cholesterol, known medically as hypercholesterolemia (see Cholesterol and Heart Disease)
- Diabetes (see Diabetes and Heart Disease)
- Smoking (see Smoking and Heart Disease)
- Being overweight (see Obesity and Heart Disease; click BMI Calculator to find your ideal weight)
- Being physically inactive (see Heart Disease and Exercise).
Some risk factors, such as age and family history of early coronary artery disease, cannot be changed.
(You can learn more about your risk for coronary artery disease in the next 10 years by clicking Heart Disease Risk.)