Risk FactorsA risk factor is any behavior or condition that increases a person's risk for a disease. Because there are so many types of cardiovascular disease, it is not possible to have just one list of risk factors. Instead, the specific risk factors will vary based on the type of cardiovascular disease.
With that being said, a number of the more common types of cardiovascular disease do share certain risk factors. Common risk factors include:
- Family history of cardiovascular disease
- High cholesterol levels, also known as hypercholesterolemia (see Effects of High Cholesterol)
- High blood pressure, also known as hypertension (see Effects of High Blood Pressure)
- Diabetes (see Diabetes Complications)
- Atrial fibrillation
- Being overweight or obese (see BMI Calculator to find your ideal weight)
- Lack of physical activity
- Cigarette smoking (see Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease).
(Click Symptoms of Cardiovascular Disease for more information.)