Heart Disease vs. Cardiovascular DiseaseCardiovascular disease and heart disease are different. Heart disease refers only to diseases of the heart and the blood vessel system within the heart. Cardiovascular disease refers to diseases of the heart and diseases of the entire blood vessel system (arteries, capillaries, and veins) within a person's body, such as the brain, arms, legs, and lungs. "Cardio" refers to the heart, and "vascular" refers to the blood vessel system. So, heart disease is a type of cardiovascular disease.
Types of Cardiovascular DiseaseThere are over 60 types of cardiovascular disease. Some people are born with cardiovascular disease; others develop it throughout their lifetimes.
Some common cardiovascular diseases include:
- Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- Coronary heart disease (most people refer to it just as "heart disease")
- Heart attack
- High blood pressure (also known as hypertension)
- Congestive heart failure.
(Click Cardiovascular Disease Types to learn about other types of cardiovascular disease.)
(Click Causes of Cardiovascular Disease for more information.)