There are a number of different types of medication recommended for people with atherosclerosis. Some medications may be used to treat a risk factor for atherosclerosis, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol. Others may be prescribed to prevent or relieve the symptoms of atherosclerosis. If you do take medicine, it's important to maintain your heart-healthy lifestyle, because healthy daily habits will keep your dose of medicine as low as possible.
Medications that are commonly prescribed as atherosclerosis treatment include:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors)
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Beta blockers
- Calcium channel blockers
- Cholesterol medications
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors stop the body from producing a chemical that narrows blood vessels. They are used to treat high blood pressure and congestive heart failure (CHF). ACE inhibitors may also reduce the risks of a future heart attack or prevent kidney damage in people with diabetes. Some examples of ACE inhibitors used in atherosclerosis treatment include: