Angina Facts About Diagnosing, Treating, Preventing, and Living With Angina
The following angina facts offer tips to help you better understand this condition:
- Doctors diagnose angina based on your health history, your family's health history, a physical exam, and the results of various tests.
- Angina is usually treated with medicines such as nitrates (nitroglycerin). People with angina may need to take other medicines to lower their blood pressure or cholesterol. They also may take medicine to prevent blood clots.
- To prevent and treat angina, it is important to make changes to improve your health. Get regular physical activity, maintain a healthy weight, don't smoke, and eat a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol. A cardiac rehab program can also be helpful for many people with angina.
- When medicines and lifestyle changes are not sufficient to control angina, special procedures may be needed. Angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) are two common procedures used to treat angina.
- If you have angina, it is important to know the pattern of your angina, understand your medicine, know how to control your angina, and respect the limits on your physical activity. You should know how and when to seek medical help.